Document Type : REVIEW PAPER


Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Leadership plays a crucial role in promoting organizational productivity and sustainability. There are several styles of leadership have been proposed and investigated, as well as their various impacts on different organizations. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the leadership styles in Indonesian settings and their associated outcomes through a bibliometric review. This study employs a qualitative approach. The entire data collecting and screening procedure in the Scopus database provided the foundation for the present study. A total of 84 eligible papers from 2000 to 2023 are explored, and the scientific landscapes are further visualized using the VOSviewer. The results showed evidence that network visualization consists of 5 clusters: red, green, blue, yellow, and purple cluster. The first red cluster includes business strategy, innovation, organizational commitment, and organizational culture. Employee performance, job satisfaction, work environment, and work motivation are represented by the second cluster, which is identified to be green in color. In addition, the third blue cluster covers knowledge management, transactional leadership, and transformational leadership. Creativity and employee engagement are all part of the fourth yellow cluster. Finally, democratic leadership is included in the fifth purple cluster. The findings concluded that leadership styles (i.e., transformational, transactional and democratic leadership) positively contribute to the associated outcomes (i.e., employee performance, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, employee engagement, business strategy, and organizational innovation and creativity). In addition, mainly related to associated outcomes, the transformational leadership style is a more dominant influence than transactional and democratic in Indonesian settings. By demonstrating as role models, transformational leaders establish strong emotional connections with their employees to feel a sense of belonging, leading to increased dedication to go the extra mile.


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