Document Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
1 Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2 Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Climate displaced persons generally follow the same trails as other migrants, but climate-induced displacement is adding to the pace and scale of human mobility. The prime aim of the study was to investigate the rural to urban migration of climate induced displacement in coastal area of Bangladesh addressing to risks and opportunities. The study mainly based on primary data and secondary data was used for validation. The study reveals that after displacement nearly 89% displaced people migrated from rural (Kutubdia Island) to Cox’s Bazar urban area. Consequently, meantime their monthly income, occupational status, housing and sanitation condition, source of drinking water and health care facilities were changed positively but in most cases they are dissatisfied. Because they lost their traditional and indigenous occupations system and their housing pattern and conditions become worsen. Availability of water and sanitation facility and healthcare seeking behavior changed positively in the urban area. Finally, the study revealed that there is risk and opportunity for climate displaced people in urban migration. However, planned/fair migration of climate displaced people can reduce the risk factors in the urban setting.
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