Urban and municipalities management
Identify and prioritize the factors affecting fiscal discipline in Municipalities

S. Motahari; A. Taftiyan; M. Moeinadin

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2022, , Pages 469-486


  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Global events in recent months, such as the (COVID-19) pandemic, have put pressures on the public budget Especially in municipalities that have made it more difficult to understand and measure. Meanwhile, Fiscal discipline as one of the most basic concepts of optimal management ...  Read More

Sustainable urban infrastructure
Conceptualization of business excellence model with a grand theory approach

Y. Malek Mirzaee; M. Mahmoudi Maymand; A. Rajabzadeh; M. Samiei Nasr

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2019, , Pages 169-180


  This study aims to conceptualize business excellence model and identify its variables and indicators. The philosophical foundations of the pragmatic, humanistic theory of symbolic interactionism has been, quietly and the strategy of grand theory deal with open, axial and selective coding; whose output ...  Read More