International Journal of Human Capital in Urban Management (IJHCUM) is an open access, quarterly FREE CHARGE Publication affiliated with Tehran Urban Planning and Research Center. The title publishes original research papers, reviews, case studies and short communication covering all aspects of urban management. This Journal is committed to follow the Ethics in Publishing Committee (COPE) and complies with the highest ethical standards in accordance with ethical law. All submitted manuscripts are checked for similarity through a trustworthy software named iThenticate to be assured about its originality and then rigorously peer-reviewed by the international reviewers. The IJHCUM Journal has been indexed in the well-known world databases mainly; EBSCO, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Islamic World Science Citation Center (ISC) as Primary Journal (Q3) with IF = 0.172Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals (MIAR), National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), WorldCat, Google Scholar and Scientific Information Database (SID). IJHCUM has also gained a Scientific rank "A" from the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology. The title is supported scientifically in association with Iranian Association of Public Administration.

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Urban ecology and related environmental concerns
1. Chemical reducing conditions through the photo-assisted electrochemical process in the treatment of the urban rainwater

A.R. Karbassi; Gh. Ebraheim; N. Mehrdadi

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 209-224

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/IJHCUM.2021.03.01

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rainwater in the city of Tehran is regarded as a freshwater source; however, because of highly polluted air conditions, the rainwater quality could be seriously affected. Therefore, the treatment of it could be an attractive topic for assessment. The purpose of the present ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Urban and municipalities management
2. Domestic water consumption pattern and awareness of urban households

A. Narmilan; N. Puvanitha; G. Niroash; R. Vassanthini; M. Sugirtharan

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 225-236

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/IJHCUM.2021.03.02

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Increased demand for water has put pressure on the water supply system, which has led to environmental issues such as water resource over-exploitation and ecosystem balance breaks. This study aimed to examine household water consumption trends and management practices and compare ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Urban social and cultural welfare
3. Dimensions of social resilience in urban areas

E. Jalalian; E. Nasiri Hendekhaleh; N. Ezadbin

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 237-252

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/IJHCUM.2021.03.03

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social resilience is one of the ways to reduce social problems and is a factor for the success of social welfare programs, increasing trust and social capital; therefore, in recent years, more attention has been paid to the issue of social resilience. The present study deals ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Sustainable urban infrastructure
4. Comparison and analysis of tariff reduction of infrastructural sectors and its economic impact: ACGE approach

S.Sh. Hossain; H. Delin

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 253-262

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/IJHCUM.2021.03.04

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The reduction of tariffs in Public infrastructure sectors is believed to be one of the key factors in addressing the socio-economic challenges of high unemployment, income inequality, and poverty. The primary objective of this paper is to design a general equilibrium model for ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Urban and municipalities management
5. Critical analysis of rural waste management weaknesses

Z. Omidi-Saravani; M. Kavoosi-Kalashami; A. Bakhshipour; I. Bagheri; C. Psomopoulos

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 263-276

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/IJHCUM.2021.03.05

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Establishing a good sound waste management system for a community requires a comprehensive knowledge of the current status and issues involved in present waste management system. This research was conducted to identify and prioritize waste management weaknesses in Saravan village ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Human capital in urban management
6. Analysis of factors affecting entrepreneurship development in rural areas in the light of jihadi management

M. Jamal; Y. Vakil Alroaia

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 277-290

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/IJHCUM.2021.03.06

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are two basic reasons, namely, the country's preparedness for the leap and economic pressure, it proves that rural areas need effort and entrepreneurship, more than any other era. The objective of this study was to identify the effective factors in the development of ...  Read More

CASE STUDY Sustainable urban infrastructure
7. Development of eco-park in flood prone areas using green technologies

C.M. Torres Navas; J.C. Musa Wasil; K. Malave Llamas; C. Morales Agrinzoni

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 291-304

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/IJHCUM.2021.03.07

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The destruction of urban areas has caused environmental, social and economic problems. One of these areas was identified in the Municipality of Humacao, on the east coast of Puerto Rico. This land is vast and unused, Fulladosa farm, located in the urban area of the Municipality ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Urban architecture, design, development and planning
8. Where are the urban poor? The spatial distribution pattern of urban poverty

M.J. Nouri; E. Zebardast

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 305-322

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/IJHCUM.2021.03.08

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: One of the issues that have been evident in previous researches on urban poverty is the existence of a methodological gap in identifying spatial representation of urban poverty. This paper suggests a methodology for identifying the spatial representation of urban poverty and ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Sustainable urban infrastructure
9. Identification and prioritization of factors affecting the adoption of electric vehicles using analytic network process

Kh. Eshtiaghi; M. Aliyannezhadi; A.H. Najafian

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 323-336

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/IJHCUM.2021.03.09

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Given the spread of environmental pollution, the development of strategies and changes in lifestyle to reduce urban environmental pollution is of great importance. One of the existing solutions is to develop and promote the use of electric vehicles. An electric vehicle is a ...  Read More

CASE STUDY
10. The impact of legal frameworks on bidding mechanisms

H. Raghfar; A. Taklif; S. Shahhosseini; A. Ghasemi; A. Faridzad

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 337-350

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/IJHCUM.2021.03.10

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The long-term nature and capitalization of projects as well as the risks of the country's economic environment have made the provision of proper infrastructure as a permanent problem for national and local governments. Governments prefer to outsource the development and exploitation ...  Read More

Urban architecture, design, development and planning
1. How traditional symbols can be used as inspiration source in shaping the urban architecture?

M. Khakzand; S. Babaei

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, , Pages 73-82

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/ijhcum.2016.01.02.001

Abstract
  This paper explores the developing of how designers can search for inspiration source which provided in the form of traditional elements and archetypes and also their role on idea generation in design from building to urban measure. In order to clarify of this, current study focuses on the Far-East region ...  Read More

Human capital in urban management
2. Injustice perceptions and employees misbehavior in a public organization: Exploration the mediating role of employee's cynicism to organization

H. Danaeefard; H.R. Boustani

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter 2016, , Pages 9-18

http://dx.doi.org/10.7508/ijhcum.2016.01.002

Abstract
  The purpose of the present research was to investigate the relationships between justice perceptions, employee's misbehavior and cynicism to organization because very few studies have looked at the role of justice and cynicism in the prediction of employee's misbehavior in public organizations. According ...  Read More

3. Exchange rate volatility and its effect on stock market volatility

K. Kennedy; F. Nourzad

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter 2016, , Pages 37-46

http://dx.doi.org/10.7508/ijhcum.2016.01.005

Abstract
  This paper investigates empirically the effect of volatility of the exchange rate of the U.S. dollar vis-à-vis the euro on U.S. stock market volatility while controlling for a number of drivers of stock return volatility. Using a GARCH(1, 1) model and using weekly data covering the period from ...  Read More

Urban architecture, design, development and planning
4. Ecosystem Biomimicry: A way to achieve thermal comfort in architecture

H. Abaeian; R. Madani; A. Bahramian

Volume 1, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, , Pages 267-278

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/ijhcum.2016.04.004

Abstract
  The strategies to reduce the consumption of non-renewable energies in buildings are becoming increasingly important. In the meantime, nature-inspired approaches have emerged as a new strategy to achieve thermal comfort in the interiors. However, the use of these approaches in architecture and buildings ...  Read More

Urban health, safety and environment (HSE)
5. Implementation of child safety and health management system by means of FMEA method

B. Akbari Neisiani; S.M. Seyedan; A. Hadian

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter 2016, , Pages 65-72

http://dx.doi.org/10.7508/ijhcum.2016.01.008

Abstract
  Every year, many accidents leading to physical injuries in kindergartens, indicates that a very large percentage of them are related to the safety concerns and lack of hygiene in these places. Families, due to their busy life style and working hours and also children needs of preschool education, are ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Urban ecology and related environmental concerns
1. Environmental management for urban development around river valleys using a conceptual model

Z. Sadreazam Nouri; J. Nouri; F. Habib; M. Rafieian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 April 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/IJHCUM.2021.04.01

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urban river valleys are so important with regard to their benefits and functions, including air temperate, microclimate creating, landscape, fresh water supplement. Urban development over considering environmental issues, population density, constructions, solid waste or effluent ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Human capital in urban management
2. Analysis of factors influencing human resource development for state-owned enterprises

A. Heravi; A. Zamani Moghadam; S.A. Hashemi; Y. Vakil Alroaia; A. Sajadi Jagharg

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 February 2021

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to analyze the factors influencing human resource development for state-owned enterprises. METHODS: This research was an applied study concerning its objective with a descriptive-exploratory type. The study was conducted by two quantitative and qualitative ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Urban health, safety and environment (HSE)
3. Management and safety practices in utilization of agro-food waste among urban agro-producer households

C. Karani; E. Gido; H. Bett

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 April 2021

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Whereas management of waste in urban areas across the globe is essentially a public service, there is dearth of knowledge on waste management efforts at the household level in developing countries. The study aimed to avail crucial information on the largely informal management ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Sustainable urban infrastructure
4. Investigating the factors affecting landscape adaptation with the heritage of the oil industry to achieve urban sustainability

H. Faramarzi; M. khakzand; M.H. Talebian; M. Masoudinejad

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 February 2021

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Abadan oil industry in Iran is very significant due to its various valuable layers as a part of national memory and identity. Therefore, to protect and reuse this industrial heritage, the adaptive reuse strategy by means of the landscape is considered. The purpose of this study ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Urban and municipalities management
5. Identifying and ranking the factors affecting social media marketing in urban cyberspace

M. Montezarhojat; Y. Vakil Alroaia; A. Rashidi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 May 2021

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this study in qualitative section is to identify the factors affecting social media marketing in urban cyberspace and then in quantitative section, ranking these factors. Hence, the question has been raised as to what factors affect social media marketing ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Information and communications technology in Urban Management
6. Adoption of online retail banking practices as a precautionary protective behavior during the Covid-19 Pandemic

F.E.A. Afridi; B. Ayaz; M. Irfan

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 17 April 2021

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Increase in online banking activities has been observed in the new normal of the Covid-19 pandemic. Previous studies argued that fraudsters tend to prey on unexpected events. This threat is also frightening online consumers of retail banking. Therefore, this study aimed to ...  Read More

CASE STUDY Urban communications and services
7. The effect of electronic banking services usage on clients electronic loyalty

H.M. Alhanatleh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 28 April 2021

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This research targets at investigating and identifying the factors affecting electronic loyalty (E-loyalty) of electronic banking services (E-banking services) in Jordanian bank sector from clients' point of view. The scale of eTailQ was appointed to accomplish the research ...  Read More

REVIEW PAPER Urban architecture, design, development and planning
8. The urban innovation system modeling: using Meta- synthesis method

H. Samari; S. Delangizan; K. Soheili

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 07 March 2021

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: According to the path of economic growth theories, especially the introduction of endogenous growth theories to address the shortcomings of extrinsic theories, the economic systems in order to achieve long-term economic growth goals need to drive stimuli and improve endogenous ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Human capital in urban management
9. The relationship between individual characteristics and practices of self-leadership strategies in Academia

F.E.A. Afridi; sh. jan; B. Ayaz

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 27 March 2021

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Self-leadership is an uplifting concept in this technologically driven world.  Given the potential benefits of self-leadership and its increasing popularity, it is surprising that self-leadership is an under-researched topic. The purpose of this study was to understand ...  Read More

CASE STUDY
10. Environmental management for human communities around wetlands adjacent urban region by ecological risk approach

N. Mohebbi; J. Nouri; N. Khorasani; B. Riazi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 November 1999

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Human communities encompass significant population proportion via various strategies of livelihood around the wetlands, including urban development, municipal wastewater discharge or solid disposal, construction growth, agriculture, and fishery piers. Wetlands essentially prepare ...  Read More

CASE STUDY
11. Effect of activities conducted near lakes by comparing contaminant levels, trophic status, and a possible bioremediation method

N.Y. Guerrero Del Castillo; J.C. Musa Wasil; K.J. Malavé Llamas; C. Morales Agrinzoni

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 July 2021

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The lakes in the state of Minnesota (MN) have undergone accelerated changes with the passing of time, where cattle ranching, agriculture, the increase of industrial jobs and urban area development have changed their condition from pristine to critical. To evaluate this problem, ...  Read More

CASE STUDY
12. The effect of environment and behavior synomorph based on the type of activity selected in urban space

S. Sharifkazemi; M. Ghalambor dezfuli

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 25 July 2021

Abstract
  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urban space is like a living thing that affects the behavior of participants and is also influenced by their behavior, whether it affects the body or the meaning of the space. The importance of this issue has laid the foundation of environmental psychology, so that it has attracted ...  Read More

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