Document Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER

Authors

1 School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 School of Architecture and Urbanism, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin Branch, Qazvin, Iran

Abstract

This paper explores the developing of how designers can search for inspiration source which provided in the form of traditional elements and archetypes and also their role on idea generation in design from building to urban measure. In order to clarify of this, current study focuses on the Far-East region as an ancient part of the world in which there is a huge number of symbols like well known, Yin-Yang. To understanding of how designers inspired by the symbols and forming the character of place via those, the case study method is used to an in-depth evaluation. The result is presented in a table involving cases which selected in divers rang of Far-East countries. Based on result, historical symbols, as a rich source of ideas and stimulation can play a significant in meaning-making and also forming the identity of city. In addition, these symbols help highly to revival the exiting values which ignored in contemporary urbanization particularly in developing countries like Iran. Accordingly, evaluation of cases observed that the symbol-inspired design can prove the durability of the urban character. Finally, inspiration source divided in two main types including: visual and verbal. Based on results of exist study, most of designers inspired visually (i.e. visual analogy, external) and a low percent of them inspired verbally (i.e. abstract, internal). Moreover, minority of designer inspired mediocre by combination of these (i.e. visual/verbal).

Keywords

Main Subjects

Abdelhameed, W.A., (2004). A java program model for design-idea exploration in three dimensions, 1st ASCAAD International Conference (E-Design in Architecture), College of Environmental Design KFUPM, Dhahran Saudi Arabia.

 Ambrose, G.; Harris, P., (2009). Basic design 08: Design thinking. Bloomsbury Publishing PLC, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Asanowicz, A., (2005). Information at Early Design Stages, Archit. Inform. Manage. 5: 105-110 (6 pages) (Design Process 3).

 Ashby, M.; Johnson, K., (2014). Materials and design. The art and science of material selection in product design. 3rd edn, Butterworth-Heinemann, oxford.

Bojovic, (2013), evolo, Available from: http://www.evolo.us/architecture/celebrating-luxury-shanghai-wuzhou-international-plaza-by-sda-shenzhen-architectural-design-institute

Cai, H.; Do, E.Y., (2007). The dual effects of inspiration sources designers’ use of analogy in creative design. In the  IASDR Conference on emerging trends in design research,12-15 November 2007, Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

Casakin, H.; Timmeren, A.V., (2014). Analogies as Creative Inspiration Sources in the Design Studio: the Teamwork, In the 4th Annual International Conference on Architecture, 6-9 July 2014, Athens, Greece.

Cheng, P.; Mugge, R.; Schoormans, J.P.L.; (2014). A new strategy to reduce design fixation: Presenting partial photographs to designers, Des. Stud., 35(4): 374-391(18 pages).

Collins English Dictionary-Complete & Unabridged, (2012). Digital Edition, Far East, Available from: http://www.dictionary.com/browse/far-east

Designboom, (2016). Available from: http://www.designboom.com/architecture/public-library-in-south-korea

Dijk, J., (2014). Creating creativity ‘a study into architectural means to stimulate the creative mind and enhance innovation’. M.Sc. Dissertation, Delft University of Technology. Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment.

Dodsworth, S., (2009). The Fundamentals of Interior Design, Bloomsbury Academic, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Eckert, C.; Stacey, M., (2000). Sources of inspiration: a language of design, Des. Stud., 21(5): 523-538 (16 pages).

Goldschmidt, G.; Sever, A.L., (2011). Inspiring design ideas with texts. Des. Stud., 32(2): 139-155 (17 pages).

Goldschmidt, G.; Smolkov, M., (2006). Variances in the impact of visual stimuli on design problem solving performance, Des. Stud., 27(5): 549-569 (21 pages).

Gonçalves, M., (2016). Decoding designers’ inspiration process Master in Design of Production, Faculty of Architecture, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa geboren te Faro, Portugal.

Goncalves, M.; Cardoso, C.; Badke-Schaub, P.; (2014). What inspires designers? Preferences on inspirational approaches during idea generation, Des. Stud., 35(1): 29-53 (25 pages).

Greek architects, (2012). Competition, Available from: http://www.greekarchitects.gr/en/διαγωνισμοι//the-yin-–-yang-opera-house-id5732

Hannington, B., (2003). Methods in the making: a perspective on the state of human research in design. Des. Issues, 19(4): 9–18 (10 pages).

Herring, S.R., Jones, B.R.; Bailey, B.P., (2009). Idea generation techniques among creative professionals. In System Sciences, 2009. HICSS'09. 42nd Hawaii International Conference on, IEEE, Big Island, HI, 1-10 (11 pages).

Howard, T. J., (2008). Information management for creative stimuli in engineering design. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Bath.

Icmimarlikdergisi, (2014). Design news, Available from: http://www.icmimarlikdergisi.com/en/2014/10/22/in-progress-palace-museum-southern-branch-kris-yao-artech

Inspiration Getting Started Guide; (1988-2012). Inspiration Software, US.

Johansson, R., (2003). Case study methodology. In the International Conference on Methodologies in Housing Research, Stockholm.

Li, C., (1974). A brief outline of Chinese medical history with particular reference to acupuncture. Perspect. Biol. Med., 18(1):132-143 (12 pages).

Marriam, S.B., (1998). Qualitative research and case study applications in education. Jossey-Bass Publishers, Sanfrancisco.

Needham, J., (1991). Science and Civilisation in China, Volume 2, History of Scientific Thought, Cambridge University Press, UK.

Noellert, M., (2016). CCS photo gallery, Available from: http://www.umich.edu/~iinet/media/ccs/photocontest_07/slides/Noellert-the%20yinyang%20square.html

Ohsawa, G., (1931). The Unique Principle, The philosophy of Macrobiotics, George Ohsawa Macrobiotic Foundation, California.

Osgood, C.E., (1973). From Yang and Yin to and or but. Linguist. Soc. Am., 49(2): 380–412 (33 pages). DOI: 10.2307/412460.

Phaidon, (2016), Available from: http://www.phaidon.com/agenda/architecture/articles/2013/january/24/steven-holls-yin-yang-museums

Porkert, M., (1974). The Theoretical Foundations of Chinese Medicine. MIT Press.

Reischauer, E.O.; Fairbank, J.K., (1960). East Asia: The Great Tradition, Houghton Mifflin, Boston.

Sanzpont arquitectura, (2016). Busan Opera House, Available from: http://www.sanzpont.com/ficha.php?sec=proyectos&lang=en&path=web/proyectos/5_infraestructura&p=2011-07-26-Busan_Opera_House

Stake, R.E., (1995). The art of case study research.  Sage Publications, CA.

Stake, R.E., (1998). Case Studies’, in Denzin, Norman K., and Lincoln, Yvonna S. (Eds). Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry. Sage Publications, CA.

Steadman, P., (2008). The Evolution of Designs: Biological analogy in architecture and the applied arts. Routledge.

Telier, A., (2011). Design things. Friedman, K.; Stolterman, E., (Eds.). The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Vahedi, A., (2009). Nature as a Source of Inspiration of Architectural Conceptual Design. Ph.D. Dissertation, Eastern Mediterranean University (EMU).

Yin, R. K., (1994). Case study research: Design and methods 3th Newbury Park, Sage Publications, CA.