Document Type : CASE STUDY


Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Islam Shahr Branch, Iran


Constructing new urban facilities requires precise study of the proper sitting in different parts of a city. The first point for the accurate allocation of urban facilities, is to select the optimal site regarding different conditions and it matters when it comes to important factors such as saving lives and safety of the people. Therefore, the optimal site selection of fire stations is essential because of the importance of the people who are in danger of fire and hazards. This research is applied in terms of purpose and in terms of method, is descriptive and in terms of data collection is a survey research. For this purpose, using the Analytic hierarchy process analysis in GIS, the results were analyzed by questionnaire. Using the overlapping method, the weighted criteria were combined and the optimal sites for the constructing of fire stations are specified. Results determined areas that have a higher priority and better conditions for the constructing of fire stations. The areas which have the most suitable conditions because of their proximity to the road, residential areas, the existence of health centers, as well as commercial centers, along with the existence of worn out structures, were in the first priority for the construction of new stations. However, other parts of the district are well-suited for construction of new stations that are compatible and in fact confirm the current situation and the status.


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