Document Type : CASE STUDY


1 Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of BioScience, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


As a communication link between suburban and urban roads, terminals prevent buses from entering the cities, thus, they play an important role in improving traffic flow, reducing urban environmental pollution. Clearly, proximity of te rminals to cities will bring about environmental pollution in different forms (soil, water, air and wastewater). The current study tries to investigate the environmental management solutions for Tehran West Terminal. For this purpose, all the environmental aspects of bus terminals, including air, water, soil and traffic were investigated. Then, with respect to the primary assessments, a questionnaire was prepared and distributed among drivers and terminal staff. According to the obtained results, a SWOT matrix was designed and implemented after completing the Analytic Hierarchy Process. The results of soil sampling showed that pollutants like heavy metals and volatile organic matters (Benzene and Toluene) were above the standards set by the Iran Department of the Environment. In terms of air pollutants, all the gases and particles were above the standards set forth by Iran Department of the Environment.  According to SWOT analysis, the aggressive scenario strategies obtained the highest scores. They included periodic trainings for the managers, drivers and other terminal staff (5.31), constant monitoring by Iran Department of the Environment (4.72), establishing internal environmental regulations (4.44), forbidding unauthorized car repairs especially oil Chang outside the repair shops (3.93), and supervision of cooperative managers on controlling vehicles and their drivers (3.73), were selected as superior strategies, respectively. 


Main Subjects

Ahmed, Q.I.; Lu, H.; Ye, S., (2008). Urban transportation and equity: A case study of Beijing and Karachi. Transportation Research Part A: Pol. Pr., 42(1): 125-139 (5 pages).

Alavi, S.A.; Moazezbarabadi, M.; Divsalar, A.; Jafari, B. (2016). Location CNG fuel stations by using fusion techniques of Fuzzy operators and GIS spatial analysis, case study: Mashhad District 7.  Biannual J. Urban Ecol. Res., 7(13): 9-18 (10 pages). (In Persian)

Babazadeh, T.; Ezzati, E.; Mahmoodi, H.; Sherizadeh, Y.; Taghdisi, M.H.; Rezakhanimoghaddam, H.; Banaye Jeddi, M., (2015) The Survey of health-related quality of life and its effective factors on the intercity bus drivers of the West Terminal of Tehran in 2015. Community Health J., 9 (1): 19-27 (9 pages).                     

Bodaghpour, S.; Charkhestani, A. (2011). Prediction of gas pollutants concentration by means of Artificial Neural Network in Tehran Urban Air. J. Environ. Sci. Tech., 13(1): 1-10 (10 pages)

Esfandiari, S.; Mohammad Kamali, A.; Bagheri, S., (2013). Evaluation of the relationship between Meteorological variables and Sulfur Dioxide concentration in Tehran. Presented in 1thUrban Services and Environment Conference. Mashhad: Municipality of Mashhad - Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. (7 pages). (In Persian)

Faraji Molaei, A.; Azimi, A.; Poor Ahmad, A. (2012).  Aspects of sustainability of urban public transport with an emphasis on BRT. Presented in 1th Transportation and Traffic Engineering Conference of Iran. Tehran: Transportation and Traffic Organization of Tehran Municipality. (15 pages). (In Persian)

Haghighatian, M., Esmaeili, R. and Karimi Zade Ardakani, S. (2015). Sociological analysis of the impact of neighborhood development at Tehran Metropolitan Department (case study of Azgol, Jannat Abad, Hakimiye, Khani Abad). J. Res. Urban Plan., 6(20): 99-120 (22 pages). (In Persian)

IRI Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance (2003). 20 year vision document of Islamic Republic of Iran - Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance

Iran department of environmental, A., (2016). Soil Sampling Instructions (Page 1).

Iran Department of Environment, B., (2016). Soil Quality Standards and Guidelines, Water and Soil Office,(Page: 17-18).

Iran Department of Environment, C., (2016). Clean air quality standards and guidelines.

IRI. Government Information Base, (2015). Article 50 of the Constitution of the Environment.

Moqhbel, M., (2017). Spatial analysis of deaths caused by air pollution in Tehran. Presented in 4th international conference on environmental planning and management. Tehran: Faculty of environment - university of Tehran.  (9 pages). (In Persian) 

Mohammadzade, A.; Abdoli, A., (2017). Analysis and review of sustainable urban transport with an emphasis on development of public transportation. Presented in: 3rd Annual International Conference of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Urbanism. Shiraz: Kharazmi Higher Institute of Science and Technology, (6 pages). (In Persian)

Ngo, N.S., (2015).Analyzing the Relationship between bus pollution policies and morbidity using a quasi-experiment. Med., 94 (37).

Öncel G., A. (2009). SWOT analysis for an environment friendly urban transport system. WIT Transactions on the Built Environment. 107: 441-449 (9 pages). 

Odum, E.P., (2014). The strategy of ecosystem development. In the ecological design and planning reader. 203-216 (. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Pearce, D.; Markandya, A.; Barbier, E., (2013). Blueprint 1: for a green economy. Routledge Publication.

Ramezani, A.; Shabankhoo, H., (2013). Management to reduce environmental damage passenger terminal (case study passenger terminal waste of Tehran). J. Hum. Environ., 11(26): 38- 61 (24 pages). (In Persian)

Rezayan Ghiye Bashi, A; Pourezat, A.A.; Hafeznia, M.R.; Mohammadi, H.; Zolfagharzade, M.M., (2017). Prediction of the interaction between climate change and air pollution in Tehran. In: Fourth international conference on environmental planning and management. Tehran:  Faculty of environment - University of Tehran, (12 pages). (In Persian)

Robins, A., (1975). Experimental model techniques for the investigation of the dispersion of chimney plumes. Proceedings of the Institution of Mech. Eng., 189(1): 44-54 (10 pages).

Savadkoohi, L., (2006). Reduction and elimination of toxic pollutants concentrated in urban terminals emitted from diesel buses. Presented in 1th national conference on enabling the urban environment for the disabled. Tehran: Janbazan Medical and Engineering Research Center. 54-63 (10 pages). (In Persian)

Sedighi, N.; Vahdatzad, M.A., (2013). Evaluating and prioritizing organizational strategies based on SWOT Analysis using ANP-VIKRO integrated model. Presented in Tenth international conference on strategic management. Strategic management society of Iran. (19 pages). (In Persian)

Soltani, L.; beykmohammadi, H.; Heydari, S., (2016). Spatial analysis of the sense of security in the different quarters of the city of Qods. Strategic research on social problems in Iran University of Isfahan. 5(3): 87-104 (18 pages). (In Persian).

De Fátima Teles, M.; De Sousa, J.F., (2014). Environmental management and business strategy: Structuring the decision-making support in a public transport company. Transport. Res. Proc., 3: 155-164 (10 pages).

UNCED, (1992). UN Conference on Environment and Development. Earth Summit

UN Documents (1972): Gathering a Body of Global Agreements. Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment


International Journal of Human Capital in Urban Management (IJHCUM) welcomes letters to the editor for the post-publication discussions and corrections which allows debate post publication on its site, through the Letters to Editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in IJHCUM should be sent to the editorial office of IJHCUM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.

[1] Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.

[2] Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.

[3] Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.

[4] Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.

[5] Anonymous letters will not be considered.

[6] Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.

[7] Letters will be edited for clarity and length.