Document Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER

Authors

1 Department of Public Administration, Management and Accounting Faculty, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering Faculty, Tehran South Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

As green human resource management is known as a way of promotion of sustainable employee practices with the help of interface of every employee, there has always been a question in mind why in some societies green human resource management practices cannot be implemented effectively. The purpose of this paper is to find factors affecting green human resource management practices as barriers to help managers identify the root and be able to surmount the obstacles. As the result showed two groups of factors were defined; 1- Internal factors including personality and upbringing, knowledge of individuals, organizational culture, and 2- External factors including digital divide and education and training. Then the attention is drawn to the significance of these factors to see which one can have the most and the least effect. Therefore to rank the value of these factors the Friedman test was used. The result showed that among all these factors personality and upbringing have the highest effect and digital divide has the lowest effect on green human resource management practices.  It is believed that by emphasizing and paying more attention to these factors the implementation of green human resource management can be improved more effectively and employees will be more willing to show green behavior towards the environment or the use of resources.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Ahuja, D., (2015). Green HRM: Management of people through commitment towards environmental sustainability. Int. J. Res. Manage., 5(7): 50-54 (5 pages).

Andreasson, K., (2015). Digital divides: The new challenges and opportunities of e-inclusion (Vol. 195). CRC publication.

Block, J.; Block, J.H., (2006). Nursery school personality and political orientation two decades later. J. Res. Pers.,40(5): 734-749 (16 pages).

Caspi, A.; Silva, P.A., (1995). Temperamental qualities at age three predict personality traits in young adulthood: Longitudinal evidence from a birth cohort. Child. Dev., 66(2):.486-498 (13 pages).

Chamberlain, L., (2002). Gender review of ICT projects. Digital Divide Network.

Chen, S.Y.; Tien, P.W.; Chen, K.C.; Lee, I.U., (2012). The influence of environmental commitments on green intellectual capital. Bus. Inform. 5: 283-308 (26 pages).

Aragón-Correa, J.A.; Martín-Tapia, I.; Hurtado-Torres, N.E., (2013). Proactive environmental strategies and employee inclusion: The positive effects of information sharing and promoting collaboration and the influence of uncertainty. Organ. Environ., 26(2): 139-161 (23 pages).

Daily, B.F.; Huang, S.C., (2001). Achieving sustainability through attention to human resource factors in environmental management. Int. J. Oper. Prod. Man.,21(12): 1539-1552 (14 pages).

Delmas, M. A.; Pekovic, S., (2013). Environmental standards and labor productivity: Understanding the mechanisms that sustain sustainability. J. Organ. Behav., 34(2): 230-252 (23 pages).  .

Dutta, S., (2012). Greening people: A strategic dimension. ZENITH Int. J. Bus. Econ. Manage. Res., 2(2): 143-148 (6 pages).

Elliot, A. J.; Thrash, T. M., (2002). Approach-Avoidance motivation in personality. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol., 82(5): 804-818 (15 pages).

Eysenck, H. J.; Eysenck, M. W., (1985). Personality and individual differences. A natural science approach. New York, Plenum publications.  

Fayyazi, M.; Shahbazmoradi, S.;,  Afshar, Z.; Shahbazmoradi, M. R., (2015). Investigating the barriers of the green human resource management implementation in Oil industry. Manage. Sci. Letters, 5(1): 101-108 (8 pages).

Fernández, E.; Junquera, B.; Ordiz, M., (2003). Organizational culture and human resources in the environmental issue: a review of the literature.Int. J. Hum. Resour. Manage., 14(4): 634-656 (23 pages).

Fielding, K.S.; Head, B.W., (2012). Determinants of young Australians’ environmental actions: The role of responsibility attributions, locus of control, knowledge and attitudes. Environ.  Educ. Res.,18(2): 171-186 (16 pages).

Goldberg, L. R., (1993). The structure of phenotypic personality traits: Author's reactions to the six comments.  Am. Psychol., 48(1): 26–34 (9 pages).

Hersey, K., (1998). A close look at ISO 14000. Prof. Saf.,43: 26–29 (4 pages).

Hirsh, J.B.; Dolderman, D., (2007). Personality predictors of consumerism and environmentalism: A preliminary study. Pers. Indiv. Differ., 43(6): 1583-1593 (11 pages).

Jafri, S., (2012). Green HR practices: an empirical study of certain automobile organizations of India. Hum.Resour. Manage., 42: 6193-6198 (6 pages).

Krajhanzl, J., (2010). Environmental and proenvironmental behavior. School and Health, 21(1): 251-274 (24 pages).

Levine, D.S.; Strube, M. J., (2012). Environmental attitudes, knowledge, intentions and behaviors among college students. J. Soc. Psychol., 152(3): 308-326 (19 pages).

Mandip, G., (2012). Green HRM: People management commitment to environmental sustainability. Res. J. Recent Sci., 244-252 (9 pages).

McCrae, R. R.; Costa Jr, P. T., (1997). Personality trait structure as a human universal. Am. Psychol., 52(5): 509-516 (8 pages).

Markowitz, E.M.; Goldberg, L.R.; Ashton, M.C.; Lee, K., (2012). Profiling the “pro‐environmental individual”: A personality perspective. J. Pers., 80(1): 81-111 (31 pages).

Soleimanpour Omran, M., (2014). The effect of educating environmental ethics on behavior and attitude to environment protection. European Online J. Nat. Soc. Sci., Proceedings, 3(3): 141-150 (10 pages).

Opath, H. H. D. N. P.; Anton Arulrajah, A., (2014). Green Human Resource Management: Simplified General Reflections, Int. Bus. Res., 7(8): 101-112 (2 pages).

O'Reilly III, C.A.; Chatman, J.; Caldwell, D.F., (1991). People and organizational culture: A profile comparison approach to assessing person-organization fit. Acad. Manage. J., 34(3): 487-516 (20 pages).

Rafe, M.; Khosravipour, B.; Moosavi, S.A; Roozbahani, M., (2015). Identify Affecting Factors on Student’s Environmental Protection Behavior. Int. J. Adv. Bio-log. Bio-med. Res., 3(1):55-60 (6 pages).

Renwick, D. W.; Redman, T.; Maguire, S., (2008). Green HRM: A review, process model, and research agenda. University of Sheffield Management School, Discussion Paper, 1-46 (46 pages).

Renwick, D.W.; Redman, T.; Maguire, S., (2013). Green human resource management: A review and research agenda. Int. J. Manage. Rev., 15(1): 1-14 (14 pages).

Sathyapriya, J.; Kanimozhi, R.; Adhilakshmi, V., (2013). Green HRM-delivering high PERFORMANCE HR systems. Int. J. Market Hum. Resour. Manage. 4(2): 19-25 (7 pages).

Slutske, W.S.; Moffitt, T.E.; Poulton, R.; Caspi, A., (2012). Under controlled temperament at age 3 predicts disordered gambling at age 32: A longitudinal study of a complete birth cohort. Psychol. Sci., 23(5): 510-516 (7 papages).

Stern, P. C., (2000). New environmental theories: Toward a coherent theory of environmentally significant behavior. J. soc., Issues, 56(3): 407-424 (18 pages).

Williams, M.J.; Poh-Sze, C.; (2003). The Digital Divide: your role in bridging the gap in aquatic library services for the disconnected. In bridging the digital divide: proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic and Marine Science Libraries and Information Centers (IAMSLIC). 19-32 (14 pages).