University of Bihać, Faculty of Technical Engineering Bihać, Ul. Dr. Irfana Ljubijankića bb, 77000 Bihać, Bosnia and Herzegovina


The term "INDUSTRY 4.0" or "fourth industrial revolution" was first introduced at the fair in 2011 in Hannover. It comes from the high-tech strategy of the German Federal Government that promotes automation-computerization to complete smart automation, meaning the introduction of a method of self-automation, self-configuration, self-diagnosing and fixing the problem, knowledge and intelligent decision-making. Any automation, including smart, cannot be imagined without industrial robots. Along with the fourth industrial revolution, ‘’robotic revolution’’ is taking place in Japan. Robotic revolution refers to the development and research of robotic technology with the aim of using robots in all production processes, and the use of robots in real life, to be of service to a man in daily life. Knowing these facts, an analysis was conducted of the representation of industrial robots in the production processes on the two continents of Europe and Asia /Australia, as well as research that industry is ready for the introduction of intelligent automation with the goal of establishing future smart factories. The paper gives a representation of the automation of production processes in Europe and Asia/Australia, with predictions for the future.


Main Subjects

Association for Advancing Automation, (2015).Robots fuel the next wave of u.s. productivity and job growth, USA, 11-19 (9 pages).

Doleček, V.; Karabegović, I., (2002). Robotics, Faculty of Technical Engineering, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bihać.

Doleček, V.; Karabegović, I., (2008). Robots in the industry, Faculty of Technical Engineering, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bihać.

Dolphin, T., (2015). Technology, globalisation and the future of work in Europe: Essays on employment in a digitised economy. Institute for Public Policy Research, London.

Geravand, M.; Shahriari, E.; De Luca, A.; Peer, A., (2016). Port-based modeling of human-robot collaboration towards safety-enhancing energy shaping control. In Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2016 IEEE International Conference on (pp. 3075-3082). IEEE.

Holdren, J. P., (2012).A national strategic plan for advanced manufacturing. National science and technology council,Washington, D.C., 20502, 4-27 (24 pages).

iTechnic Ltd; RUR Ltd; euRobotics aisbl, (2013). 2014-2020Robotics 2020 strategicresearchagendafor robotics in Europe, 0v42 25-43 (19 pages), Available at:

Kalpakjian, S.; Schmid, S.R., (2014). Manufacturing Processes for Engineering Materials–5th Edition. agenda, Vol. 12, 125-150 (26 pages).

Karabegović, I., (2016). The role of industrial robots in the development of automotive industry in China. Int. J. Eng. Works, Kambohwell Publisher Enterprises, 3(12): 92-97 (6 pages).

Karabegović, I.; Doleček, V., (2016).The tendency of application of industrial robots in the automotive, electrical engineering and metal industries worldwide, 3rd International Scientific Conference “COMETa 2016”,University of East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 7-9 (3 pages).

Karabegović, I.; Husak, E., (2014), Significance of industrial robots in development of automobile industry in Europe and the world, J. Mobility Veh. Mech., University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, Serbia, 40(1):7-16 (10 pages).

Karabegović, I.; Karabegović, E.; Husak, E., (2011).Application analyses of industrial robot in World automobile industry in 2010, J. Int. Sci. Publ. Mater. Methods  Technol., Sofia,Bulgaria, 5(2): 336-345 (10 pages).

Karabegović, I.;Husak, E., (2016).China as a leading country in the world in automation of automotive industry manufacturing processes, IV international congress motor vehicles and motors 2016, “MVM-2016”, Kragujevac, Serbia, 6-8 (3 pages).

Kozul-Wright, R., (2015).Robots and industrialization in developing countries,United Nations Conference on Trade And Development UNCATD,Geneva, Switzerland, UNCTAD/PRESS/PB/2016/6, 50: 1-4 (4 pages).

Makowieckaja, O.K., (2015). Industrial Robots on the Market of Means of Production Automation. Biuletyn Instytutu Spawalnictwa, Gliwice, Czechoslovak, 59(2): 22-27 (6 pages).

Mannan, B.; Khurana, S., (2012). Enablers and barriers for introduction of robotics as an AMT in the Indian industries (case of SME’s). Int. J. Comut., 19-24 (6 pages).

Mckerrow, P. J., (1991). Introduction to robotics. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Sydney, Australia.

Pluess, J. D., (2015). Good Jobs in the Age of Automation: Challenges and Opportunities for the Private Sector [online], Available at: Business af a Better World,(Accessed 30 June 2015).

Ray, J.; Atha, K.;Francis, E.;Dependahl, C.; Mulvenon, J., (2016). Alderman, China’s industrial and military robotics development, Research report prepared on behalf of the U.S. China economic and security review commission, Center for intelligence research and analysis (CIRA), Vienna, Austria, 78-84 (7 pages).

Roehricht, K., (2016). Study on emerging markets with special focus on Asia, RockEU robotics coordination action for Europe, K.U. Leuven, 1-14 (14 pages).

Sakakibara, Sh., (2013). Asia in Tomorrows World,Technology unveilsa new Paradigm,30th anniversary issue,Asia today international,1-4 (4 pages).

Struijk, B., (2012). Robot production volume date trend and analiysis. Vol. 1, Debrecen technical publications, Hungary,1-10 (10 pages).

Sulavik, C.;Portnoy, M.;Waller T., (2014). The new hire:How a new generation of robots is transforming manufacturing, Manufacturing institute USA, Gaithersburg,USA, 1-13 (13 pages).

Wloka, D., (2013). Robotersysteme 1: Technische Grundlagen. Springer-Verlag.

Wolff, O., (2015). 2015 Statistik: Jahresbericht 2014/2015,Verband deutscher verkehrsunternehmen (VDV), Koln, Deutschland. (In German)

Yang, G. Z., (2016).Manufacturing robotics: The next robotic industrial revolution(white paper), Robotics and Autonomous Systems (RAS). UK-RAS, 2-17 (16 pages).


International Journal of Human Capital in Urban Management (IJHCUM) welcomes letters to the editor for the post-publication discussions and corrections which allows debate post publication on its site, through the Letters to Editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in IJHCUM should be sent to the editorial office of IJHCUM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.

[1] Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.

[2] Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.

[3] Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.

[4] Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.

[5] Anonymous letters will not be considered.

[6] Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.

[7] Letters will be edited for clarity and length.