Document Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER

Authors

1 Institute of Leather Engineering and Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1209, Bangladesh

2 Soil, Environment and Agronomy Section, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka-1205, Bangladesh

Abstract

This study illustrates the process of removal of chromium from chrome tanning waste-water by fly ash which was drive from chrome shaving dust. This experiment was carried out in a batch process with laboratory prepared adsorbent samples and chrome tanning water collected from local tanneries. The influence of various factors likes adsorbent doses, contact time, and initial concentration of chromium on the removal of chromium from effluent was investigated. FTIR analysis was done to identify the functional groups presents in the fly ash. The maximum removal of chromium and absorption capacity was found to be 97.86%. And 23.11 mg/g at chromium concentration of 1000.3mg/l and 1291 mg/l respectively. Total dissolve solid, turbidity, and conductivity were reduced significantly. Waste water samples containing several interfering ions like Na, Fe, Ca, Zn, Mn etc. The langmuir absorption isotherm was also used to explain the nature of adsorption. This result indicates that chrome shaving dust ash can be successfully used to treat chrome tanning wastewater.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Acar, F.N.; Malkoc, E., (2004). The removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions by Fagus orientalis L. Bioresource Technol., 94(1): 13-15 (3 pages).

Apte, A.D.; Verma, S.; Tare, V.; Bose, P., (2005). Oxidation of Cr (III) in tannery sludge to Cr (VI): field observations and theoretical assessment. J. Hazard. Mater., 121(1): 215-222 (8 pages).

American Public Health Association (APHA), (1998). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater (20th). Washington, D.C, American Public Health Association, p. 2-24 to 2-26.

Aravindhan, R.; Madhan, B.; Rao, J.R.; Nair, B.U.; Ramasami, T., (2004). Bioaccumulation of chromium from tannery wastewater: an approach for chrome recovery and reuse. Environ. Sci. Technol., 38(1): 300-306 (7 pages).

Cervantes, C.; Campos-García, J.; Devars, S.; Gutiérrez-Corona, F.; Loza-Tavera, H.; Torres-Guzmán, J.C.; Moreno-Sánchez, R., (2001). Interactions of chromium with microorganisms and plants. FEMS Microbiol. Rev., 25(3): 335-347 (13 pages).

Dias, J.M.; Alvim-Ferraz, M.C.; Almeida, M.F.; Rivera-Utrilla, J.; Sánchez-Polo, M., (2007). Waste materials for activated carbon preparation and its use in aqueous-phase treatment: a review. J. Environ. Manage., 85(4): 833-846 (14 pages).

Greenberg Arnold, E.; Clesceri Lenore, S., (1992). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. American public health association, USA.

Karthikeyan, T.; Rajgopal, S.; Miranda, L.R., (2005). Chromium (VI) adsorption from aqueous solution by Hevea Brasilinesis sawdust activated carbon. J. Hazard. Mater., 124(1): 192-199 (8 pages).

Kowalski, Z., (1994). Treatment of chromic tannery wastes. J. Hazard. Mater., 37(1): 137-141 (5 pages).

Losi, M. E.; Amrhein, C.; Frankenberger, Jr., (1994). Environmental biochemistry of chromium. In G. V. Ware (ed.), Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology, Springer, New York, 136: 91-121 (31 pages).

Malkoc, E.; Nuhoglu, Y.; Dundar, M., (2006). Adsorption of chromium (VI) on pomace—an olive oil industry waste: batch and column studies. J. Hazard. Mater., 138(1): 142-151 (10 pages).

Mella, B.; Glanert, A. C.; Gutterres, M., (2015). Removal of chromium from tanning wastewater and its reuse. Process Saf. Enviro. Prot., 95: 195-201 (7 pages).

Modak, J.M.; Natarajan, K.A., (1995). Biosorption of metals using nonliving biomass-A review. Miner. Metall. Proc., 12(4): 189-196 (8 pages).

Nixon, D.E.; Moyer, T.P.; Squillace, D.P.; McCarthy, J.T., (1989). Determination of serum nickel by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry with Zeeman-effect background correction: values in a normal population and a population undergoing dialysis. Analyst, 114(12): 1671-1674 (4 pages).

Pandhram, P.; Nimbalkar, S., (2013). Adsorption of chromium from industrial waste water by using neem leaves as a low cost adsorbent. Int. J. Chem. Phys. Sci., 2: 149-158 (10 pages).

Polti, M.A.; Atjián, M.C.; Amoroso, M.J.; Abate, C.M., (2011). Soil chromium bioremediation: synergic activity of actinobacteria and plants. Int. Biodete. Biodegr., 65(8):1175-1181 (7 pages).

Ragheb, S.M., (2013). Phosphate removal from aqueous solution using slag and fly ash. Hous. Buil. Natl. Res. Cent.

 J., 9(3): 270-275 (6 pages).

Samadi, M.T.; Rahman, A.R.; Zarrabi, M.; Shahabi, E.; Sameei, F., (2009). Adsorption of chromium (VI) from aqueous solution by sugar beet bagasse‐based activated charcoal. Environ. Technol., 30(10):1023-1029 (7 pages).

Sekhar, K.P.C.; Babu, R.V.; Srividhya, D.; Ravindhranath, K., (2012). Removal of Chromium (VI) from Waste Waters Using Leaves Powders of Justicia adhatoda, Cissus quadrangularis, Soapnut Acacia. Phar. Chem., 4(2): 664-673 (10 pages).

Sharma, I.; Goyal, D., (2011). Chromium removal from industrial effluent by Eucalyptus tereticornis bark. Asian J. Exp. Sci., 25(1): 29-35 (7 pages).

Sivakumar, D., (2015). Hexavalent chromium removal in a tannery industry wastewater using rice husk silica. Global J. Environ. Sci. Manage., 1(1): 27-40 (14 pages).

Stępniewska, Z.; Wolińska, A.; Pióro, W., (2007). Chromium migration in the vicinity of a tannery waste lagoon. Pol. J. Soil Sci., 2: 139-145 (7 pages).

U. S. environmental protection agency (USEPA), (1979). Methods for chemical analysis of water and wastes. US Rep. EPA 600/4-79-020. USEPA, EMSL, Cincinnati, OH.