Urban ecology and related environmental concerns
The sustainable semantic foundations of the traditional neighborhoods in the desert cities

S. Maroofi; M. Valibeigi; A. Shaneh

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2022, , Pages 267-282


  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In cities with a hot and harsh climate, defining space and territory in a sustainable and environmentally manner in urban management and human capital is critical. Cultural values and climatic adaptation played a prominent role in the neighborhood's basic elements. The main ...  Read More

Human capital in urban management
Proposing a performance measurement framework for the Municipalities

M. Valibeigi; M. Afsharirad; M. Valibeigi; E. Sarhangi

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2020, , Pages 319-330


  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this paper is to propose a performance measurement framework for Iranian municipalities as a public institution. METHODS: By selecting Karaj Municipality and referring to Balanced Score-Card Methodology, an attempt has been made to provide a framework ...  Read More