ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Urban ecology and related environmental concerns
1. Chemical reducing conditions through the photo-assisted electrochemical process in the treatment of the urban rainwater

A.R. Karbassi; Gh. Ebraheim; N. Mehrdadi

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 209-224


  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rainwater in the city of Tehran is regarded as a freshwater source; however, because of highly polluted air conditions, the rainwater quality could be seriously affected. Therefore, the treatment of it could be an attractive topic for assessment. The purpose of the present ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Urban and municipalities management
2. Domestic water consumption pattern and awareness of urban households

A. Narmilan; N. Puvanitha; G. Niroash; R. Vassanthini; M. Sugirtharan

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 225-236


  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Increased demand for water has put pressure on the water supply system, which has led to environmental issues such as water resource over-exploitation and ecosystem balance breaks. This study aimed to examine household water consumption trends and management practices and compare ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Urban social and cultural welfare
3. Dimensions of social resilience in urban areas

E. Jalalian; E. Nasiri Hendekhaleh; N. Ezadbin

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 237-252


  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social resilience is one of the ways to reduce social problems and is a factor for the success of social welfare programs, increasing trust and social capital; therefore, in recent years, more attention has been paid to the issue of social resilience. The present study deals ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Sustainable urban infrastructure
4. Comparison and analysis of tariff reduction of infrastructural sectors and its economic impact: ACGE approach

S.Sh. Hossain; H. Delin

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 253-262


  Background and Objectives: The reduction of tariffs in Public infrastructure sectors is believed to be one of the key factors in addressing the socio-economic challenges of high unemployment, income inequality, and poverty. The primary objective of this paper is to design a general equilibrium model ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Urban and municipalities management
5. Critical analysis of rural waste management weaknesses

Z. Omidi-Saravani; M. Kavoosi-Kalashami; A. Bakhshipour; I. Bagheri; C. Psomopoulos

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 263-276


  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Establishing a good sound waste management system for a community requires a comprehensive knowledge of the current status and issues involved in present waste management system. This research was conducted to identify and prioritize waste management weaknesses in Saravan village ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Human capital in urban management
6. Analysis of factors affecting entrepreneurship development in rural areas in the light of jihadi management

M. Jamal; Y. Vakil Alroaia

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 277-290


  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are two basic reasons, namely, the country's preparedness for the leap and economic pressure, it proves that rural areas need effort and entrepreneurship, more than any other era. The objective of this study was to identify the effective factors in the development of ...  Read More

CASE STUDY Sustainable urban infrastructure
7. Development of eco-park in flood prone areas using green technologies

C.M. Torres Navas; J.C. Musa Wasil; K. Malave Llamas; C. Morales Agrinzoni

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 291-304


  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The destruction of urban areas has caused environmental, social and economic problems. One of these areas was identified in the Municipality of Humacao, on the east coast of Puerto Rico. This land is vast and unused, Fulladosa farm, located in the urban area of the Municipality ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Urban architecture, design, development and planning
8. Where are the urban poor? The spatial distribution pattern of urban poverty

M.J. Nouri; E. Zebardast

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 305-322


  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: One of the issues that have been evident in previous researches on urban poverty is the existence of a methodological gap in identifying spatial representation of urban poverty. This paper suggests a methodology for identifying the spatial representation of urban poverty and ...  Read More

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Sustainable urban infrastructure
9. Identification and prioritization of factors affecting the adoption of electric vehicles using analytic network process

Kh. Eshtiaghi; M. Aliyannezhadi; A.H. Najafian

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 323-336


  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Given the spread of environmental pollution, the development of strategies and changes in lifestyle to reduce urban environmental pollution is of great importance. One of the existing solutions is to develop and promote the use of electric vehicles. An electric vehicle is a ...  Read More

10. The impact of legal frameworks on bidding mechanisms

H. Raghfar; A. Taklif; S. Shahhosseini; A. Ghasemi; A. Faridzad

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 337-350


  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The long-term nature and capitalization of projects as well as the risks of the country's economic environment have made the provision of proper infrastructure as a permanent problem for national and local governments. Governments prefer to outsource the development and exploitation ...  Read More