Document Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER

Author

Assistant Prof. and Chairman, Entrepreneurship and Commercialization Research Center, Department of Management, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While innovation in some circumstances is detrimental to a number of urban civil development cooperatives many have benefited from the use of innovation strategies around the world. Therefore, this study sought to analyze the effective factors of organizational innovation on the performance of members in urban development cooperatives.
METHODS: The statistical population of this study is all urban civil development cooperatives and the sample size consisted of 384 members of these civil cooperatives who were selected using stratified-random sampling method. The data gathering tool was a questionnaire which validity using content validity and construct validity and reliability using Cronbach's alpha coefficient has been reviewed and approved. In order to analyze the data, inferential statistical tests including Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Student t-test, correlation test and structural equation modeling technique were used.
FINDING: The results of data analysis showed that the research variables including organizational innovation and members performance in urban development cooperatives are in good condition (β= 0.76 and φ=0.68).Also, according to the research findings, organizational innovation and its four dimensions, including production (ρ=0.72), administrative (ρ=0.75), process (ρ=0.68) and technological innovation (ρ=0.76), has a positive and significant effect on the performance of members in urban civil development cooperatives.
CONCLUSION: The results indicated that the development of innovations requires specific organizational resources and capabilities so that the organization can benefit from innovation and its benefits.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Ahmadi, Z.; shafiei, M.; vakilalroaia, Y., (2018). The impact of open innovation on company innovative performance with the emphasis on moderating role of market turbulence (Case study: small and medium- sized manufacturing companies in Semnan city). J. Ind. Technol. Dev., 16(4): 73-92 (10 pages). (In Persian)

Azizi, S.; Roosta, A. (2010). Factors effect salespeople performance based on multilevel approach. J. Bus. Manage., 2(5): 95-108 (14 pages). (In Persian)

Azizi, Sh.; Razaie, A.; KhodadadHassani, S. H.; Asadollahi, H. (2008). Model of Factors Affecting Sales Force Performance: Structural Equilibrium Approach, J. Bus. Manage., 29(3): 274-253 (20 pages). (In Persian)

Antonelli, C.; Crespi, F.; Scellato, G.; (2013). Internal and external factors in innovation persistence. Econ. Innovation New Technol., 22(3): 256-280 (25 pages).

Boyatzis, R.E.; Ratti, F., (2009). Emotional, social and cognitive intelligence competencies distinguishing effective Italian managers and leaders in a private company and cooperatives.J. Manage. Dev., 28(9): 821-838 (18 pages).

Dahlander, L.; Gann, D., (2010). How open is innovation? J. Res. Policy, 39(3): 699-709 (11 pages).

HaghighatManesh, E., (2014). Recognition of organizational Creativity. Tehran, Behnoosh Publishing. (In Persian)

Hamidi, K.; Iranban, S.J.; Kazemipour, H., (2013). Investigating the relationship between personnel productivity and knowledge management and organizational innovation in Sky Air Base, Shiraz, Tehran, International Management Conference, Challenges and Solutions. (In Persian)

Khan, H.H.A.; Abdullah, H.; Ah, S.H.A.B., (2016). Factors affecting performance of co-operatives in Malaysia. Int. J. Product. Perform. Manage., 65 (5): 641-671 (31 pages).

Hashemi Dehaghi Z., (2015). Open innovation and its necessity in organizations. J. Ind. Uni., 7(2): 25-34 (10 pages).

Holmes, T. L.; Srivastava, R., (2012). Effects of Job Perceptions on Job Behaviors: Implications for Sales Performance. J. Ind. Mark. Manag., 31, 421-428 (9 pages).  

Hossain, M.; Kauranen, I., (2016). Open innovation in SMEs: a systematic literature review. J. Strat. Manage., 9(1): 58-73 (16 pages).

Hung, K.P.; Chou, C., (2013). The impact of open innovation on firm performance: The moderating effects of internal R&D and environmental turbulence. Technovation, 33(10-11): 368-380 (13 pages).

Imani, S.; Gaskari, R.; Gheitani, A., (2015). Effects of internal marketing on employees performance: Effect of Mediator Organizational Innovation (Case study: departments within The AGHAJARI Oil and Gas Operation Company). J. Bus. Manage., 7(2): 315-338 (24 pages). (In Persian)

Kaiser, H. F.; Rice, J., (1974). Educational and psychological measurement. Little Jiffy, Mark IV, 34(1): 111-117 (7 pages).

Karimpour, A.; Chattari, A., (2014). Improvement of Staff Performance through Assessment and Coaching. Tehran, Behineh Faragir Publishing. )In Persian(

Khodadadhassani, S. H., (2009). Innovation in organizations: Concept, types and processes, J. Manage. Res., Tehran, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch of Tehran, 11(3): 64-89 (26 pages). (In Persian)

Kurt, S.; Kurt, Ü., (2015). Innovation and labour productivity in BRICS countries: panel causality and co-integration. Procedia-Soc. Behav. Sci., 195(2): 1295-1302 (8 pages).

Mashdai, A.; Taghavi, Z., (2010). Open innovation: The most important competitive advantage of companies in the market. The 10th conference of the Iranian Aerospace Society, Tehran, Iran Aerospace Society, Tarbiat Modares University. (In Persian)

Mastrangelo, A.; Eddy, E.R.; Lorenzet, S.J., (2014). The relationship between enduring leadership and organizational performance, Lead. Organ. Dev. J., 35(7): 590-604 (15 pages).

Ministry of Cooperatives, Labour, and Social Welfare, (2018). Law on the Establishment of Urban Development and Civil Cooperatives. (In Persian)

Moradzadeh, A.; BadichiJavan, S., (2014). Creativity and innovation, the basis for increasing productivity and organizational styles in transnationalism. National Conference on Management and Leadership Challenges in Iranian Organizations, Isfahan, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Science and Research Branch. (In Persian)

Najafipour, F., (2013). Organizational inovation. Tehran, Iran Institute of Iz Publications. (In Persian)

Preenen, P.T.; Vergeer, R.; Kraan, K.; Dhondt, S., (2017). Labour productivity and innovation performance: The importance of internal labour flexibility practices, Econ, Ind. Democracy, 38(2): 271-293 (23 pages).

Rahmanian, S.; Nasr, M., (2010). Network Intermediary Model for Open Innovation in SMEs, 4th Iranian Technology Management Conference, Tehran. (In Persian)

Riillo, C.A.F., (2013). Environmental management, labour productivity and innovation? Preliminary results from a survey of Italian firms using Coarsened Exact Matching. In Proceedings of the 35th Druid Celebration Conference.

Ryan, G.; Spencer, L.M.; Bernhard, U., (2012). Development and validation of a customized competency-based questionnaire. Cross Cult. Manage. Int. J., 19(1): 90-103 (14 pages).

Ramezanpoor, Gh.; Davari, A.; Afrasiabi, R.; Zargaran, Y., (2014). The effect of internal and external factors on open innovation. J. Tech. Deve. Manage., 2(1): 29-46 (18 pages). (In Persian)

Randeree, K.; Al Youha, H., (2009). Strategic management of performance: an examination of public sector organizations in the United Arab Emirates. Int. J. Knowl. Cult. Change Manage., 9(4): 123-134 (12 pages).

Salimi, M., (2013). Creativity and innovation in organization, Tehran, Center for Strategic Research.

(In Persian)

Samkhanian, M.R.; Derabi, M.; Jahan, R., (2012). Creativity and innovation in Educational Organization and Management, Tehran, Spand Art Publishing. (In Persian)

Silva, A., (2014). What do we really know about leadership? J. Bus. Studies Q., 5(4): 1-4 (4 pages).

Sohi, R.S., (2013). The effects of environmental dynamism and heterogeneity on salespeople’s role perceptions, Eur. J. Marketing Perform. Job Satisfaction, 30 (7): 49-67 (19 pages).

Osman, S., Shariff, S.H. and Lajin, M.N.A., 2016. Does innovation contribute to employee performance. Procedia-Soc. Behav. Sci., 219: 571-579 (9 pages).

Teymourian, M., (2015). The Study of organizational innovation and Its impact on teachers 'Teachers' Effectiveness in Abdanan City, Master's Degree, Payame Noor University of Tehran, Faculty of Humanities. (In Persian)

Torrens, P.M., (2000). How should we model complex adaptive urban systems. Nexsus Projects Workshop, Yorkshire

VahdatiRohani, S. M.; Nouri I.; Jahan, M., (2014). The relationship between Knowledge management and organizational innovation and staff performance (Case study: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences), Tehran, International Management Conference in the 21st Century, Ideas Managers Institute Capital of Vieira. (In Persian)

Vakil Alroaia, Y.; Shafi'i Nikabadi M.; Mesaeli. Sh., (2018). Factors affecting the establishment of production cooperatives based on rural home and family business in Semnan province. Space Eco. Rural Dev. 7(25): 51-66 (16 pages). (In Persian)