BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: People usually welcome the spirit of cooperation to meet their needs using different methods and goals. In cities, the formation of non-governmental councils and organizations reflects this trend with the aim of creating equal social opportunities and positions (power, dignity). Participation and e-participation offers an intellectual and doctrinal framework with major applications in social, economic, cultural, and political dimensions of a country. This article aims to explore the association between participation and moral, religious, political, and psychological variables in Iranian urban management as a model.
METHODS: This is a qualitative research and a descriptive-analytical method has been adopted for modeling.
FINDING: The results suggest a positive correlation between participation and four variables studied along with their applications in the Iranian urban management. Another finding of the research is the modeling of moral, religious-Islamic, political, and psychological variables related to Iranian participation and urban management toward urban governance.
CONCLUSION: The elevated social and political awareness of citizens has also led to social solidarity and the strengthening of democracy based on participation. Efforts to redistribute power in the urban system management represent another effect of social participation in urban management and urban governance in Iran. It is also experiencing the transition from urban government to urban governance with participatory, law-abiding, transparency, justice, efficiency, accountability, and decentralization approaches.
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