Document Type: CASE STUDY


Department of the Environment, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Iran


An appropriate solid waste disposal has been a major problem in municipal environment. The use of landfills is the most economical and environmentally acceptable method for the disposal of solid waste all over the world. The analysis of spatial data and consideration of regulation and accepted criteria are part of the important elements in the site selection. The aim of this paper is to show how application of geographic information system could be used for siting solid waste disposal in Abadan city. In this paper, we consider types of soil suitable for solid waste disposals, land use/ land cover, transportation routes and proximity to surface water. Relative importance weight of each criteria in the geographic information system was determined and finally suitability map was prepared. Based on the final suitability map, appropriate solid waste landfill site was located in north east part of the study area. Select the best landfill site among the candidate ones, and   the output results can enable decision makers to make appropriate decisions to reduce the costs both in   economic and environmental criteria.


Main Subjects

Afzali, A.; Mir Ghaffari, N.; Safyaniyan, A., (2013). Usage of Geographical Information system and analytical hierarchy process in locating landfill for urban wastes, Case Study: Najaf Abad. Iranian J. Appl. Ecol., 2(6): 27-37 (11pages). (In Persian)

Al-Nabi, S.R.; Hojatolah, R.; Mahgrati, H.R., Shayanfar, M., (2013). Determining and analyzing effective parameters in process of locating landfill for disposal of nuclear wastes using Expert Choice (Case Study: Kerman, Iran), In 5th Iranian Mining Engineering Conference, 10-18 (9 pages). (In Persian)

Aragonés-Beltrán, P.; Pastor-Ferrando, J. P.; García-García, F.; Pascual-Agulló, A., (2010). An analytic network process approach for siting a municipal solid waste plant in the metropolitan area of Valencia (Spain). J. Environ. Manage., 91(5): 1071-1086 (16 pages).

 Boroushaki, S.; Malczewski, J., (2010). Measuring consensus for collaborative decision-making: GIS-based approach. Comput. Environ. Urban, 34(4): 322–332 (11 pages).

Basak, M.; Suen, L.; Doyuran, V.; (2006).  Landfill site selection by using geographic information systems. Environ Geol ,49(2):376-388.

Çimren, E.; Çatay, B.; Budak, E., (2007). Development of a machine tool selection system using AHP. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., 35(3): 363-376 (14 pages).

 Demesouka, A. P.; Vavatsiko, K. P., (2013). Suitability analysis for siting MSW landfills and its Multi criteria spatial decision support system: method, implementation and case study .O.E. Waste management, 33(9):1190-1206 (17 pages).

 Ebadi, T.; Safavid, N., Hanzadeh, S.; Keramati, L., (2014). Locating landfill using Promethee Model. In 7th environmental engineering Conference, (17 pages). (In Persian)

Eghbali, A.; Monavari, M.; Salamatnia, A.; Safarian, S., (2013). Economic evaluation of recycling household waste in the city Abadan. In 6th international conference on environmental crisis and its solutions. 1522-1531 (10 pages). (In Persian)

Eskandari, M .;  Homaee, M.;Mahmodi, S.; (2012). An integrated multi criteria approach for landfill siting in a conflicting environmental, economical and socio-cultural area. Waste Manag , 32(3):1528–1538 (10 pages).

Monavari, S. M.; Omrani, G. A.; Karbassi, A.; Fakheri Raof, F., (2012). The effects of socioeconomic parameters on household solid-waste generation and composition in developing countries (a case study: Ahvaz, Iran), Environ. Monit. Assess., 184(4):1841–1846 (6 pages).

Gbanie, S.P., Tengbe, P.B., Momoh, J.S., Medo, J. and Kabba, V.T.S., (2013). Modelling landfill location using geographic information systems (GIS) and multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA): case study Bo, Southern Sierra Leone. Appl. Geogr., 36: 3-12 (10 pages).

Gorsevski, R.; Donevska,  C., Vetko, Mitravski, D. ; Friado, P.,(2012). Integrating multi-criteria evaluation techniques with geographic information system for landfill site selection A case study using ordred weighted average. Waste management, 32(9): 287-296(9 pages).

Bidhendi, M.E.; Karbassi, A.R.; Baghvand, A.; Saeedi, M.; Pejman, A.H., (2010). Potential of natural bed soil in adsorption of heavy metals in industrial waste landfill. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 7(3): 545-552 (8 pages).

Wang, G.; Qin, L.; Li, G.; Chen, L., (2009). Landfill site selection using spatial information technologies and AHP: a case study in Beijing, China. Journal of environmental management, 90(8): 2414-2421 (8 pages).

Hadyani, Z.; Ahadnejad Reveshty, M.; Kazemizad, SH.; Shahali, A.;(2012). Site selection municipal solid wastes burial centers by using fuzzy logic and GIS, case study: Zanjan city. J Geogr Space, 12(40): 133-116 (18 pages). (In Persian)

Irfan yesiln, M., (2005). Site selection for hazardous waste study from the GAP area, Turkey. Engineering geology. 81: 371-388 (18 pages). (In Persian)

Kontos, T.D.; Komilis, D.P.; Halvadakis, C.P., (2005). Siting MSW landfills with a spatial multiple criteria analysis methodology. Waste Manage., 25(8): 818-832 (15 pages).

Fattayi, E.; Sheykh, A., (2009). Locating landfill for solid urban wastes using GIS and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), (Case Study: City of Give). Environ. Sci., 6(3): 145-158 (14 pages). (In Persian)

Lopez, H.J.; Zinck, J.A., (1991). GIS-assisted modelling of soil-induced mass movement hazards: a case study of the upper Coello river basin, Tolima, Colombia. ITC J., 4: 202-220 (19 pages).

Madadi, A.; Azadi, M. M.; Babayi Aghdam, F., (2013). Overlapping indices and modeling landfills, (Case Study: City of Ardebil). J. Geogr. Plann. 235 – 254 (20 pages). (In Persian)

Nasarei, M.A.; Beyranvand, B., Rahimi chegini, M., (2014). Locating appropriate landfills using Analytical Hierarchy Process. In first national Conference on sustainable development in Science, Geography and Planning, Architecture and Urbanism, 48-55 (9 pages). (In Persian)

Pece, V.; Gorsevski, R.; Donevska , C., Vetko  ,Mitravski, D. ; Friado, P.,(2012). Integrating multi-criteria evaluation techniques with geographic information system for landfill site selection A case study using ordred weighted average. Waste management, 32(9): 287-296 (10 pages).

Rezaee, A.; Dehzad, B.; Omrani, G. A.; Hashempoor, Y.; Fakhim, A. H., (2007). Location study and managing and optimal disposal of solid urban wastes in city of Hashtgerd, In the tenth national conference on Hamedan's environmental health, 44-51 (8 pages). (In Persian)

Saaty, T. L.,( 1980) .The Analytical Hierarchy Process, Mc-Graw Hill, New York,58(1):72-82 (11 pages).

Saaty, T. L.; Vargas, L.G., (2001), Models, Methods, Concepts and Applications of the Analytic Hierarchy Process, Kluwer Academic Publishers, USA.

Salari, M.; Moazed, H.; Radmanesh, F.; Zareee, H.; Ahmadi, A., (2011). Hierarchical analysis method in locating landfill for city of Shiraz with emphasizing on geomorphic factor. 7th conference on geography and environment, Iran, Shahrood's industrial university, 1-11 (11 pages). (In Persian)

Şener, B.; Süzen, M.L.; Doyuran, V., (2006). Landfill site selection by using geographic information systems. Environ. Geol., 49(3): 376-388 (13 pages).

Shahabi, A.; Masood, H.; Mohammad R., O., (2010). Evaluating Hierarchical Analysis methods and linear combination in locating landfill with emphasizing on geomorphic factors, Case Study: County of Saghez, natural geography, Tabriz University, 1-14 (14 pages). (In Persian)

Tasband, M.; Kuhy, S.; Masumi, T., (2015). Integration of national reference standards and to place international finding the best site urban waste. International environmental science, engineering and technologies, 6-14 (9 pages). (In Persian)

Vasiljević, T.Z.; Srdjević, Z.; Bajčetić, R.; Miloradov, M.V., (2012). GIS and the analytic hierarchy process for regional landfill site selection in transitional countries: a case study from Serbia. Environ. Manage., 49(2): 445-458 (14 pages).

Nwambuonwo, O.J.; Mughele, E.S., (2012). Using geographic information system to select suitable landfill sites for megacities (case study of Lagos, Nigeria).     Computing, Information Systems, Dev. Inf. Allied Res. J., 3(4): 49-58 (10 pages).

ZebarDast, S., (2001).Application of hierarchical urban and regional planning. HONAR-VE-YE-ZIBA MEMARI-VA-SHARSAZI, 10: 13-22 (10 pages). (In Persian)