Document Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER

Authors

1 Department of soil science, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran

2 Department of soil science, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran

Abstract

An experiment was conducted as randomized complete block design with three replications and 14 fertilizer treatments in year 2014. The treatments were including the control, application of chemical fertilizers according the soil analysis, application of 15, 30 and 45 tons of municipal  waste compost per ha as simple and with 25, 50 and 75% of chemical fertilizers. The results revealed that the 7 years using of municipal waste compost significantly increased the concentrations of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium of the soils and rice grains and it improved the yield of rice as well. The highest concentrations of macro-nutrients (Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium) were obtained in the treatment of 45 t/ha of municipal waste compost + 75% chemical fertilizers. The concentrations of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium were increased 73.68, 230.0 and 30.74%, respectively, compared to the control treatment. Treatment of 45 t/ha + 25% of chemical fertilizer had the highest 1000 grains weight. The percentage of 1000 grains weight was increased 9.82 compared to the control treatment. The highest yield of pad was obtained by using of 45 tons + 25% of chemical fertilizers that compared to the control treatment showed 51.33% increase. Finally, from the results, it can be concluded that the combination of municipal waste compost and chemical fertilizers are reliable organic waste and fertilizers management strategy to increase the concentrations of macro-nutrients in rice and increase the rice yield as well.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Achebe, W. B.; Gabteni, N.; Lakhdar, A.; Laing, G. D.; Verloo, M.; Jadidi, N.; and Gallali, T., (2009). Effects of 5- year application of municipal solid waste compost on the distribution and mobility of heavy metal in a Tunisian calcareous Soil.Agr. Ecosyst. Environ., 130(3): 156-163 (8 pages).

Aggelides, S. M.; Londra, P. A., (2000). Effects of compost produced from town wastes and sewage sludge on the physical properties of a loamy and a clay soil. Bioresource technology, 71(3): 253-259 (7 pages).

Amlinger, F; Gotz, B; Dreher, P; Weissteiner, C., (2003). Nitrogen in biowaste and compost: dynamics of mobilization and availability-a review. European Journal of Soil Biology, 39(3): 107-116 (10 pages).

Araújo, A.S.F.; Monteiro, R.T.R.; Carvalho, E.M.S., (2007). Effect of composted textile sludge on growth, nodulation and nitrogen fixation of soybean and cowpea. Bioresource Technology, 98(5): 1028-1032 (5 pages).

Bar-Tal, A.; Yermiyahu, U.; Beraud, J.; Keinan, M.; Rosenberg, R.; Zohar, D.; Rosen, V.; Fine, P., (2004). Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium uptake by wheat and their distribution in soil following successive, annual compost applications. Journal of environmental quality, 33(5): 1855-1865 (11 pages).

Bhattacharyya, P.; Chakrabarti, K.; Chakraborty, A.; Nayak, D.C.; Tripathy, S.; Powell, M.A., (2007). Municipal waste compost as an alternative to cattle manure for supplying potassium to lowland rice. Chemosphere, 66(9): 1789-1793 (5 pages).

Bhattacharyya, P.; Chakrabarti, K.; Chakraborty, A.; Nayak, D.C., (2005). Effect of municipal solid waste compost on phosphorous content of rice straw and grain under submerged condition. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 51(4): 363-370 (8 pages).

Borkar, D. K.; Deshmukh, E. S.; Bhoyar, V.S., (1991). Manurial values of FYM and composts as influenced by [the] raw materials used and period of decomposition. Journal of Soils and Crops, 1(2): 117-119 (3 pages).

Tester, C.F., (1990). Organic amendment effects on physical and chemical properties of a sandy soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 54(3): 827-831 (5 pages).

Cherif, H.; Ayari, F.; Ouzari, H.; Marzorati, M.; Brusetti, L.; Jedidi, N.; Hassen, A.; Daffonchio, D., (2009). Effects of municipal solid waste compost, farmyard manure and chemical fertilizers on wheat growth, soil composition and soil bacterial characteristics under Tunisian arid climate. European journal of soil biology, 45(2): 138-145 (8 pages).

Cottenine, A.; Verloo, M.; Kickens, L.; Velghe, G.; and Camerlynck, R., (1982). Analysis plant and soil. Laboratory of Analytical and Agro-chemistry State University of Ghent Belgium. 403-431(29 pages).

Garling, D.C.; Boehm, M.J., (2001). Temporal effects of compost and fertilizer applications on nitrogen fertility of golf course Turf grass. Agronomy Journal, 93(3): 548–555 (8 pages).

Diacono, M.; Montemurro, F., (2010). Long-term effects of organic amendments on soil fertility. A review. Agronomy for sustainable development, 30(2); 401-422 (22 pages).

Eghball, B.; Ginting, D.; Gilley, J.E., (2004). Residual effects of manure and compost applications on corn production and soil properties. Agronomy journal, 96(2): 442-447 (6 pages).

Erhart, E.; Hartl, W.; Putz, B., (2005). Biowaste compost affects yield, nitrogen supply during the vegetation period and crop quality of agricultural crops. European Journal of Agronomy, 23(3): 305-314 (10 pages).

Giusquiani, P.L.; Marucchini, C.; Businelli, M., (1988). Chemical properties of soils amended with compost of urban waste. Plant and Soil, 109(1): 73-78 (6 pages).

Hargreaves, J.C.; Adl, M.S.; Warman, P.R., (2008). A review of the use of composted municipal solid waste in agriculture. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 123(1): 1-14 (14 pages).

Hartl, W; Putz, B; Erhart, E., (2003). Influence of rates and timing of biowaste compost application on rye yield and soil nitrate levels. European Journal of Soil Biology, 39(3): 129-130 (2 pages).

Kavitha, R.; Subramanian, P., (2007). Effect of enriched municipal solid waste compost application on growth, plant nutrient uptake and yield of rice. Journal of Agronomy, 6(4): 586-592 (7 pages).

Khoshgoftarmanesh, A.H.; Kalbasi, M., (2002). Effect of municipal waste leachate on soil properties and growth and yield of rice. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 33(13-14): 2011-2020 (10 pages).

Laboski, C.A.; Lamb, J.A., (2003). Changes in soil test phosphorus concentration after application of manure or fertilizer. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 67(2): 544-554 (11 pages).

Lima, J.S.; De Queiroz, J.E.G.; Freitas, H. B., (2004). Effect of selected and non-selected urban waste compost on the initial growth of corn. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 42(4): 309-315 (7 pages).

Mbaraki, S.; Labidi, N.; Mahmoui, H.; Jedidi, N.; and Abdelly, C., (2008). Contrasting effects of municipal compost on alfalfa growth in clay and in sandy soils: N, P, K, content and heavy metal toxicity. Bioresource Technology, 99(15): 6745-6750 (6 pages).

Mishra, M.; Sahu, R. K.; Sahu, S. K.; and Padhy, R. N., (2009). Growth, yield and elements content of wheat (Triticum aestivum) grown in composted municipal solid waste amended soil. Environment, development and sustainability, 11(1): 115-126 (12 pages).

Mkhabela, M. S.; Warman, P. R., (2005). The influence of municipal solid waste compost on yield. Soil phosphorus availability and uptake by two vegetable crops grown in Nova Scotia agriculture. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment, 106(1): 57-67 (11 pages).

Morra, L.; Pagano, L.; Iovleno, P.; Baldantoni, D.; and Alfani, A., (2010). Soil and vegetable crop response to addition of different levels of municipal waste compost under Mediterranean greenhouse conditions. Agronomy for sustainable development, 30(3): 701-709 (9 pages).

Mylavarapu, R.S.; Zinati, G.M., (2009). Improvement of soil properties using compost for optimum parsley production in sandy soils. Scientia Horticulturae, 120(3): 426-430 (5 pages).

Nelson, D. W.; Sommers, L. E., (1982). Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter In: Page A.L. (Eds.), Method of soil analysis, Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological property. American Society of Agronomy and Soil Science of America. Madison. Wisconsin, pp. 539-579.

Nigussie, A.; Kuyper, T.W.; de Neergaard, A., (2015). Agricultural waste utilisation strategies and demand for urban waste compost: evidence from smallholder farmers in Ethiopia. Waste Management, 44: 82-93 (12 pages).

Papafilippaki, A.; Paranychianakis, N.; Nikolaidis, N.P., (2015). Effects of soil type and municipal solid waste compost as soil amendment on Cichorium spinosum (spiny chicory) growth. Scientia Horticulturae, 195: 195-205 (11 pages).

Peng, S.; Biswas, J. C.; Ladha, J. K.; Gyaneshwar, P.; and Chen, Y., (2002). Influence of rhizobial inoculation on photosynthesis and grain yield of rice. Agronomy Journal, 94(4): 925-929 (5 pages).

Peyvast, G.; Abbassi, M., (2006). Effect of commercial compost on yield and nitrate content of Chinese cabbage. Horticulture environment and biotechnology, 47(3): 123-125 (3 pages).

Sivakumar, S.; Ravi, V.; Subburam, V., (2000). The effects of coirpith compost on the growth and quality of leaves of the mulberry plant Morus alba L. Bioresource technology, 72(1): 95-97 (3 pages).

Ramadass, K.; Palaniyandi, S., (2007). Effect of enriched municipal solid waste compost application on soil available macronutrients in the rice field. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 53(5): 497-506 (10 pages).

Rhoades, J. D., (1982). Soluble salts. In methods of soil analysis. A. C (ed). Argon Monger. America. Society. Agronomy. Madison. Wisconsin., 2(2): 167-179 (13 pages).

Roberts, T.L., (2008). Improving nutrient use efficiency. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 32(3): 177-182 (6 pages).

Ros, M.; Pascual, J. A.; gareia, C.; Hernandez, M. T.; and Insam, H., (2006). Hydrolyses activities, microbial biomass and bacterial community in soil after long-term amendment with different composts. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38(12): 3443-3452 (10 pages).

Saha, S.; Gopinath, K. A.; Kundu, S.; Gupta, H. S., (2007). Comparative efficiency of three organic manure at varying rates of its application to baby corn. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 53(5): 507-517 (11 pages).

Soumare, M.; Tack, F.M.G.; Verloo, M.G., (2003). Effects of a municipal solid waste compost and mineral fertilization on plant growth in two tropical agricultural soils of Mali. Bioresource technology, 86(1): 15-20 (6 pages).

Tarrasón, D.; Ojeda, G.; Ortiz, O.; Alcañiz, J.M., (2008). Differences on nitrogen availability in a soil amended with fresh, composted and thermally-dried sewage sludge. Bioresource Technology, 99(2): 252-259 (8 pages).

Warman, P.R.; Burnham, J.C.; Eaton, L.J., (2009). Effects of repeated applications of municipal solid waste compost and fertilizers to three lowbush blueberry fields. Scientia horticulturae, 122(3): 393-398 (6 pages).

Weber, J.; Karczewska, A.; Drozd, J.; Licznar, M.; Licznar, S.; Jamroz, E.; Kocowicz, A., (2007). Agricultural and ecological aspects of a sandy soil as affected by the application of municipal solid waste composts. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39(6): 1294-1302 (9 pages).

Westeman, R. E. L., (1990). Soil Testing and Plant Analysis. Soil Science Society of American. Madison. Wisconsin. USA, p. 784

Yang, J.; Zhang, J.; Wang, Z.; Liu, L.; Zhu, Q., (2003). Postanthesis water deficits enhance grain filling in two-line hybrid rice. Crop Science, 43(6): 2099-2108 (10 pages).