Document Type : CASE STUDY


1 Shahr-e-Salem Company, Municipality of Tehran, Resalat highway, Tehran, Iran

2 Graduate Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, P.O.Box 14155-6135, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of the Environment, Center for Air and Climate Change, Hakim highway, Tehran, Iran


This study is an attempt to monitor and investigate the main elements of social harms from political, economic, sociocultural, technological, environmental and legal perspectives in accordance with the factors of PESTEL. One of the findings of the present study indicates that Iran has taken several measures in order to fight narcotics.  In poverty and unemployment, it must be admitted that casting shadow of global economic situation on Iran's economy along with failure to implement Article 44 on the Constitution have led to the fact that a considerable section of the country’s economy has remained under direct government control. It seems that broadcasting performance has been weak from cultural perspective; this issue has caused satellite networks intrusion on the culture of people. No organization instructs young generation in life skills and how to prevent from divorce. This problem together with lack of life facilities has caused many marriages to end in divorce within the first year. Considering limited financial resources, the municipality and its affiliated organizations have had a quite good performance in organizing homeless people, but it is not sufficient. Donations contributing to susceptible classes of society are assessed absolutely positive and worthwhile. Street children are considered as an increasing harm in the world and Iran. If we do not reflect on some strategies in order to address this issue, it will be converted to a social crisis. Beggary has a significant manifestation in megacities as a social harm and challenge; it is mostly assumed to be a social dilemma rather than an individual problem. It can be really influential to educate people how to behave with beggars.


  • The Islamic Republic of Iran has signed conventions and protocols with the use of which it can move forward for removing social challenges. This issue requires localizing the provisions of conventions and protocols.
  • It seems that IRIB performance has been weak from cultural perspective.
  • No organization instructs our young generation in life skills.
  • Donations contributing to susceptible classes of society are assessed absolutely positive and worthwhile.


Main Subjects

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