Document Type: SHORT COMMUNICATION

Author

Department of Architect and Urban Planning, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Urban management in any context has a different economic, social and political structure, which is in harmony with the existing models of organization. In spite of these differences, in order to reach a sustainable urban development, several different conferences should be referred to. In the “Brundtland Commission 1987” about urban sustainable development these definitions have been given: “preservation and promotion of the quality level of city life. This consists of ecology, culture, politics, economies, and social participation. However, this development should in no case weigh on and create any problems for the future generations”. In all the definitions of urban management and urban sustainable development and in any political context citizens’ participation in decision making and insistence on social justice are mentioned. The aim of this article is a descriptive, analytic, and comparative study of different models of popular participation in different developed countries. Each of these countries has different social and political structure. However they all have the same aim which is the citizens’ empowerment. To reach the ideal urban management model it is necessary to have a clear image of the place and participation of citizens in order to create a socially, economically and politically sustainable developed society.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Avritzer, L., (2005), Nouvelles sphères publiques au Brésil: démocratie locale et délibération politique (New public areas in Brazil: Popular participation and political consultation). In Gestion De Proximité Et Démocratie Participation - Une perspective comparative.  La Découverte. Paris. 231-251 (In French), (21 pages).

Bacqué, M. H.; Rey, H.; Sintomer, Y., (2005). La démocratie participative, un nouveau paradigme de l'action publique? In Gestion De Proximité Et Démocratie Participation-Une perspective comparative.  La Découverte, Paris. 293-307 (In French), (15 pages).

Bemanian, M.R.; Taghvaie, A.; Bahram pour, M., (2015). Description of justified theory approach in urban management system with emphasis on urban development plans. Urban Manage., 13(37): 231-255 (23 pages).

Brundtland Commissions, (1987). Our Common Future. World Commission on Environment and Development. United Nations Environment Program.

Deboulet, A., (2013). Une nouvelle sphère de conflits et de revendications dans trois capitales du Moyen-Orient. Le Téhéran des quartiers populaires (Transformation urbaine et société civile en République Islamique [A new sphere of disputes and claims in the three capitals of the Middle East. The Tehran of popular districts (urban transformation and civil society in the Islamic republic ). Karthala-Ifri, Paris., 73(1): 23-45 (In French), (23 pages).

Diamond, J., (2005). Revitalisation urbaine et participation communautaire. Les leçons de l'expérience britannique [urban revitalization and community participation. The British experience Lessons]. In Gestion De Proximité Et Démocratie Participation - Une perspective comparative. La Découverte, Paris., 101-115 (In French), (15 pages).

Dijk, M. P., (2006 [2014]). Managing cities in developing countries: The theory and practice of urban management, (Trans. from Iranian by G. Kazemian; H., Rastegar). Tisa publication, Tehran. 27-52 (26 pages).

Ghosh, A., (2003). Urban Environment Management Local Government and Community Action, India, Urban Studies, Institute of Social Sciences and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. 1(7): 1-15 (15 pages).

Latifi, Gh., (2004). Urban management in Iran (constraints, challenges and solutions), J. Soc. Sci., 27: 75-100 (In Persian), (26 pages).

Latifi, Gh.; Gohari Poor, H., (2014). City Hall, a Desirable Arena to Increase Citizen Participation, Tehran, Int. J.  Urban Rural Manage., 12 (33): 185-200 (In Persian), (16 pages).

Nejati Hosseini, M.; Kowsari, M., (2011). Urban participation in the urban world - Sociological ideas and multicultural procedures, Nashr-e-shahr publication, Art and Cultural Organization of Tehran Municipality. 99-105 (In Persian) (7 pages).

Ramirez Gallegos, F., (2005). Dispositifs délibératifs pour le développement local en Équateur: le cas des municipalités indigènes. Collaborative engagement in local development in Ecuador: A case study of the local Municipalities. In  Gestion De Proximité Et Démocratie Participation - Une perspective comparative. La Découverte, Paris.253-270 (In French), (18 pages).

Rey, H., (2005). Participation électorale et démocratie participative [Electoral participation and participatory democracy]. In Gestion De Proximité Et Démocratie Participation - Une perspective comparative. La Découverte, Paris. 217-227 (In French), (11 pages).

Saidi Shahrouz, M., (2012). Urban governance and local participation, Tisa publication, Tehran. 83-93 (In Persian), (11 pages).